Brexit – Free trade agreement between GB and the EU, so does it mean no paperwork at borders?

Brexit has been a topic of discussion, debate and confusion for the past few years. With Britain officially leaving the European Union (EU) on January 31st, 2020, there have been many questions about what this means for trade between GB and the EU. The recent news of a free trade agreement being reached between the two parties has brought some clarity but also raised new questions. One major question people are asking is if this will mean no paperwork at borders? In this blog post, we’ll dive into what Brexit and free trade agreements really mean, how they affect GB and the EU’s relationship with each other, and most importantly how it impacts border control. So sit back, relax and let’s get started!

What is Brexit?

Brexit, short for “British exit,” refers to the United Kingdom’s decision to leave the European Union after a nationwide referendum in June 2016. This historic decision was based on several factors, including concerns about immigration, sovereignty and financial contributions.

One of the biggest reasons behind Brexit was the desire for greater control over immigration policies. Many Britons believed that EU membership made it too easy for people from other countries to enter their country. They wanted more say in who could come into Britain and how long they could stay.

Another factor driving Brexit was a sense that British interests were being overshadowed by those of other EU members. Some felt that decisions were being made in Brussels without proper consideration of what would be best for Britain.

Many supporters of Brexit were dissatisfied with the amount of money that Britain contributed to the EU budget each year. They saw this as an unnecessary expense at a time when public services like healthcare and education were underfunded.

Brexit represented a significant shift in British politics and may have far-reaching consequences both domestically and internationally.

What is a free trade agreement?

A free trade agreement (FTA) is a treaty between two or more countries that aims to reduce barriers to trade, such as tariffs and quotas. This type of agreement promotes the exchange of goods and services by removing restrictions on imports and exports.

FTAs facilitate international commerce by providing a framework for fair competition among countries. They encourage economic growth and job creation by enabling businesses to access new markets with fewer obstacles.

In addition to reducing tariffs, FTAs also address non-tariff barriers such as regulatory standards, intellectual property rights, investment rules, and government procurement practices. These provisions are designed to ensure that both parties benefit from the agreement while protecting their respective interests.

FTAs play an essential role in promoting global trade and supporting economic development. By creating more opportunities for businesses to sell their products overseas without excessive paperwork at borders , they help boost competitiveness while lowering costs for consumers.

What does this mean for GB and the EU?

The free trade agreement between GB and the EU means that goods will continue to be traded tariff-free. This is a significant achievement for both sides, as it ensures that businesses can continue to operate without disruption and consumers can access a wide range of products at affordable prices.

For the UK, this means that it will retain access to the EU’s single market, which was one of its primary objectives in negotiating Brexit. This access is crucial for industries such as automotive, pharmaceuticals, and aerospace, which rely heavily on exports to the EU.

Similarly, for the EU, maintaining a free trade agreement with GB means that it continues to have access to one of its largest trading partners. The UK is an important market for many European businesses and any disruption would have had severe consequences.

However, while this agreement may help avoid tariffs on goods crossing borders between GB and the EU, there may still be some administrative requirements in place. These could include customs declarations or checks on certain types of products such as food or livestock.

Though, this free trade agreement provides certainty for businesses operating across borders between GB and the EU. It helps maintain economic stability during uncertain times brought about by Brexit and COVID-19 pandemic.

How will this affect border control?

The free trade agreement between GB and the EU impacts not only the economy but also border control. Before Brexit, goods could freely flow without any restrictions or checks. However, with Brexit, new protocols are in place to track goods entering and leaving the UK.

To avoid delays at borders due to paperwork, companies must adhere to customs procedures before transporting their products. The agreement seeks to reduce bureaucracy by eliminating tariffs and quotas on goods traded between Great Britain and EU countries.

Despite this effort to simplify cross-border trade, there will still be some changes in border controls. For example, businesses exporting animal products must follow specific regulations when shipping such items outside the UK.

Moreover, individuals travelling from Great Britain into an EU country will have additional requirements for documentation like visas, passports or work permits depending on each member state’s policies.

In summary, while the free trade agreement reduces bureaucracy at borders for businesses trading within GB-EU zone; it is essential that companies comply with all necessary formalities before crossing borders as there may still be some regulatory controls that need monitoring.


The free trade agreement between GB and the EU does not necessarily mean that there will be no paperwork at borders. While it eliminates tariffs on goods traded between the two entities, it still requires customs checks to ensure compliance with regulatory standards. The UK has implemented new border controls since leaving the EU, which include customs declarations and safety and security declarations for goods transported across borders.

Brexit has undoubtedly had significant implications for both GB and the EU in terms of trade relations. However, a free trade agreement is a positive step towards minimizing disruptions to businesses operating within these territories. Furthermore, while border control procedures may have changed as a result of Brexit, they are necessary measures to maintain safety standards and protect citizens’ interests.

Ultimately, only time will tell what further impacts Brexit may have on international trade. Nonetheless, businesses can take proactive steps to mitigate potential risks by staying informed about changes in regulations and adapting their operations accordingly.